Intricately carved windows are essential elements of Newar architecture. Different types are used on each floor according to their function. Some examples: Sanjhyā is a projecting bay window on the third floor; Tikijhyā is a lattice window on the second floor; and Gājhyā is a projecting window located under a roof. At Hotel Manaslu, you will find fine examples of such windows, including some ancient pieces that have been restored to their original glory.
This is a public watering place consisting of a sunken courtyard with one or more stone spouts, the heads of which are carved either in the shape of a makara (crocodile, the vehicle of Goddess Ganga) or other animal heads such as that of goat, cow, sheep, tiger, and peacock. Spouts having gold plated heads are known as Lun Hiti (Newari) or Sundhara (sun: gold, dhara: spout) in Nepali.
You will see a lot of carved wooden pillars in temples and in patis and satals (public resting places). Such pillars are generally square or rectangular in shape and intricately carved with various motifs. They serve both functional and decorative purposes and are used instead of walls to create more open spaces.
Kathmandu Valley is famed for its many talented artists, sculptors, and craftsmen. Nepali fine art encompasses both the raditional and the contemporary. One particular specialy is the art of Paubha, which is religious traditional painting based mostly on Buddhist subjects.
Chaityas are Buddhist shrines built in memory of the deceased by their family members. Constructed with beautifully carved stone and mud mortar, they have a stupa on top, and can range from four to eight feet in height.